Cataracts: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Ultimate Cataract Guide

Eye Care Services in Norcross GA & Peachtree Corners
  • A cataract is a common eye condition characterized by the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. 
  • As the lens becomes cloudy, it obstructs the passage of light, leading to blurred or dimmed vision. increased sensitivity to glare, difficulty seeing at night, and a fading of vibrant colors. 
  • While cataracts often develop slowly over time, they can significantly impair vision if left untreated. 
  • Fortunately, cataract surgery offers a highly effective solution, involving the removal of the cloudy lens and its replacement with a clear artificial lens, restoring clear vision and improving overall visual quality.

Symptoms of Cataracts

  • Blurry vision 
  • Hazy vision 
  • Poor Night Vision
  • Glare 
  • Reduced color perception
  • Changes in eyeglass prescription
  • Difficulty reading 
  • Halos around lights
  • Poor night vision
  • Fading color vision

Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts develop when the proteins in the eye’s lens start to break down and clump together, causing cloudiness and obstructing vision. While aging is the primary risk factor for cataract development, several other factors can contribute to their formation:

  1. Aging: The natural aging process leads to changes in the lens structure, making it less flexible and more prone to cataract formation.

  2. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation: Prolonged exposure to UV radiation from sunlight can increase the risk of cataracts.

  3. Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing cataracts due to elevated blood sugar levels damaging the eye’s lens proteins.

  4. Smoking: Smoking is associated with an increased risk of cataract development, likely due to oxidative stress and inflammation in the eye.

  5. Genetics: Family history can play a role in cataract development, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition.

  6. Trauma: Eye injuries, such as blunt trauma or penetrating injuries, can cause cataracts to form.

  7. Medications: Long-term use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids or statins, may increase the risk of catarac

Treatment for Cataracts

Cataract treatment typically involves surgical intervention, as cataracts cannot be reversed with medications or lifestyle changes. Cataract surgery is a safe and highly effective procedure that aims to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear artificial intraocular lens (IOL).

Cataract Surgery Techniques

Phacoemulsification, or “phaco,” is the most common and widely used technique for cataract removal. During phacoemulsification, the surgeon makes a tiny incision in the cornea and inserts a small probe that emits ultrasound waves. These waves break up the cloudy lens into tiny fragments, which are then suctioned out of the eye. Once the cataract is removed, an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted to replace the natural lens. Phacoemulsification offers several advantages, including smaller incisions, faster recovery times, and reduced risk of complications.

Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) is a newer and more advanced technique that utilizes a femtosecond laser to perform key steps of the cataract surgery procedure. The laser creates precise incisions in the cornea, softens the cataract for easier removal, and assists in capsulotomy (opening the lens capsule). FLACS offers improved precision, reproducibility, and potentially better visual outcomes compared to traditional phacoemulsification. However, it may be associated with higher costs and longer surgical times.

Peachtree Ophthalmology- Eye Doctor Near Me in Norcross GA

We are dedicated to providing exceptional eye care and great cataract surgery results with compassion and expertise.  Conveniently located between Peachtree Corner & Norcross, Georgia.  Schedule your appointment today and trust us to safeguard your vision for a brighter, clearer future.

How To Contact Us

Our eye clinic is ideally located close to the intersection of Holcomb Bridge Rd and Spalding Dr. Serving Norcross GA, Duluth, Sandy Springs, Roswell & Johns Creek.

Address

4045 Wetherburn Way, Ste 1
Peachtree Corners, GA 30092

Phone & Fax

770-285-7910
770-609-8356

Office Hours

Mon - Fri: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Sat & Sun: Closed

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