Dry eye from Eyelid

Understanding Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Treatment Options

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Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a common eye condition that affects the function of the meibomian glands, which produce the oily layer of the tear film. This dysfunction can lead to dry eyes, discomfort, and other complications. Understanding MGD and its treatment options is crucial for managing symptoms and preserving eye health.

What is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction? 

Meibomian glands are located along the eyelid margins and secrete oils that help prevent tear evaporation and maintain the stability of the tear film. When these glands become blocked or dysfunctional, it can result in insufficient oil production, leading to evaporative dry eye syndrome and other ocular surface issues. MGD can be caused by factors such as aging, hormonal changes, inflammation, and certain medical conditions.

Symptoms of MGD:

  • Dryness and irritation
  • Redness
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Gritty or sandy sensation in the eyes
  • Excessive tearing


Diagnosing MGD typically involves a comprehensive eye examination, including a detailed evaluation of the eyelid structure, tear film quality, and meibomian gland function. Your eye care provider may also use special tests such as meibography to assess the health of the meibomian glands and identify any blockages or abnormalities.

Treatment Options:

  1. Warm Compresses: Applying warm compresses to the eyelids can help soften the hardened oils and facilitate the expression of meibomian gland secretions.
  2. Lid Hygiene: Gentle eyelid hygiene practices, such as lid scrubs or massages, can help remove debris and improve gland function.
  3. Lubricating Eye Drops: Artificial tears or lubricating eye drops can provide relief from dryness and irritation associated with MGD.
  4. Prescription Medications: In some cases, your eye doctor may prescribe topical or oral medications to reduce inflammation and promote gland function.
  5. Meibomian Gland Expression: Manual expression of the meibomian glands by a trained eye care professional can help clear blockages and improve oil flow.
  6. LipiFlow® Treatment: LipiFlow® is a minimally invasive procedure that uses thermal pulsation technology to unclog meibomian glands and restore normal function.
  7. Nutritional Supplements: Omega-3 fatty acids and other dietary supplements may help support overall eye health and improve meibomian gland function.


If you’re experiencing symptoms of dry eye or suspect you may have meibomian gland dysfunction, it’s essential to seek professional eye care for evaluation and treatment. At Peachtree Ophthalmology in Norcross, our experienced team can diagnose MGD and recommend personalized treatment options to help you find relief and preserve your vision. Schedule an appointment today to learn more about managing MGD and maintaining healthy eyes.


How To Contact Us

Our eye clinic is ideally located close to the intersection of Holcomb Bridge Rd and Spalding Dr. Serving Norcross GA, Duluth, Sandy Springs, Roswell & Johns Creek.


4045 Wetherburn Way, Ste 1
Peachtree Corners, GA 30092

Phone & Fax


Office Hours

Mon - Fri: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Sat & Sun: Closed

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